Prashant Lakhera
4 min readMay 21, 2024

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📌 Overview of the DevOps Interview Process: From Application to Selection — Part 8 — Python Scripting 📌

This is part 8 of the series, and today I will cover the seventh tool: Python Scripting

What is Python for DevOps?

Python for DevOps refers to using Python, a versatile and widely-used programming language, within the practices and processes of DevOps. DevOps is a set of practices aimed at unifying software development (Dev) and software operation (Ops), emphasizing automation and monitoring at all steps of software construction, from integration, testing, releasing, deployment, and infrastructure management. DevOps aims to shorten the development life cycle, increase deployment frequency, and achieve more dependable releases closely aligned with business objectives.

Why Python is Preferred in DevOps

Python’s popularity in DevOps can be attributed to several key factors:

● Simplicity and Flexibility: Python’s syntax is clear and readable, making it accessible to developers and system administrators who may not be professional software engineers. Its flexibility allows for scripting simple automation tasks and developing complex applications.

● Rich Ecosystem: Python boasts a vast ecosystem of libraries and frameworks that can be leveraged for tasks such as automation, data analysis, machine learning, cloud and infrastructure management, and more. This ecosystem includes tools directly aimed at DevOps needs, like Ansible for configuration management or Flask and Django for developing web applications.

● Cross-Platform Compatibility: Python scripts can run on multiple operating systems without modification, making it an ideal choice for environments across Windows, Linux, and macOS.

● Community and Support: Python has a large and active community, which means a wealth of resources, including tutorials, documentation, forums, and third-party tools, are readily available to solve almost any problem.

Use Cases in DevOps

Python finds applications in several areas of DevOps, including:

● Automation and Scripting: Automating repetitive tasks such as software builds, testing, deployment, and infrastructure provisioning. Python scripts can automate the setup of servers, configure networks, and much more.

● Configuration Management: Tools like Ansible, which is written in Python, help in automating the provisioning and management of infrastructure, ensuring consistency and reliability across environments.

● Testing and CI/CD: Python is used to write test scripts for software validation. It is also used in Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) pipelines,

integrating with tools like Jenkins, GitLab CI, and others to automate the stages of software release.

● Infrastructure as Code (IaC): Python can define infrastructure through code using platforms like Terraform or CloudFormation. It allows for the automated setup and tear down of cloud infrastructure based on the scripted definitions.

● Monitoring and Logging: Python’s capabilities extend to developing monitoring and logging solutions, enabling the collection, analysis, and visualization of metrics and logs to ensure the health and performance of applications and infrastructure.

● Cloud Automation: With SDKs available for major cloud providers (AWS, Azure, Google Cloud), Python scripts can manage cloud resources, automate deployments, and interact with cloud services.

In DevOps, Python is a powerful, flexible tool that bridges the gap between development and operations. Its ease of use, robust library ecosystem, and supportive community make Python an ideal choice for automating and optimizing various DevOps practices.

Whether it’s through scripting simple automation tasks, managing infrastructure, or developing sophisticated CI/CD pipelines, Python enables DevOps teams to work more efficiently, reduce errors, and deliver software faster and more reliably.

✅ What can you expect in the Python interview?

Optimizing the performance of systems and applications is critical in DevOps. With Python, candidates should understand how to use profiling tools (such as cProfile and timeit) to measure script performance and identify bottlenecks. They must also be skilled in applying optimization techniques, including efficient algorithm selection, concurrency with threading or asyncio, and leveraging C extensions for intensive tasks to enhance script and system performance.

1️⃣ Unix/Linux System Interaction

A deep understanding of Unix/Linux systems is fundamental for senior DevOps roles. Python scripts can be employed to interact with and manipulate the system extensively. Knowledge of Python’s os, sys, and subprocess modules, among others, enables candidates to automate system maintenance tasks, configure network services, and manage system security. This encompasses writing scripts that interact directly with the system’s file structure, process management, and networking capabilities.

2️⃣ Problem-solving Skills

Problem-solving is crucial in DevOps. Candidates must identify and resolve issues within Python scripts or the wider system. This involves troubleshooting, system error resolution, and debugging performance issues. Python’s extensive debugging and logging tools (like pdb and logging) support this requirement. Senior DevOps engineers should be capable of addressing unique challenges with innovative Python-based solutions.

3️⃣ Best Practices and Tools Integration

Understanding and applying best practices in Python scripting and DevOps are key. This includes writing readable and reusable Python code, implementing robust error handling, and integrating version control systems like Git. Familiarity with integrating Python scripts with DevOps tools such as Jenkins for CI/CD pipelines, Ansible for configuration management, and Python-based monitoring tools (e.g., using APIs to interact with Prometheus or Nagios) are essential aspects of the role.

4️⃣ Collaboration and Continuous Improvement

Senior DevOps positions necessitate technical proficiency in Python and strong collaboration skills. Candidates should demonstrate their ability to work effectively within a team, share Python-related knowledge, and continuously seek to enhance processes and tools. This involves staying abreast of the latest Python developments and DevOps methodologies and being open to adopting new tools and practices to improve productivity and system reliability.

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Prashant Lakhera

AWS Community Builder, Ex-Redhat, Author, Blogger, YouTuber, RHCA, RHCDS, RHCE, Docker Certified,4XAWS, CCNA, MCP, Certified Jenkins, Terraform Certified, 1XGCP